Simulation-based Abdominal Ultrasound Training; Education with Evidence

Part 1: Simulation-based Abdominal Ultrasound Training – A systematic Review
Part 2: Simulation-based Abdominal Ultrasound Training - Reliable and Valid Assessment; The Copenhagen Test
Part 3: Simulation-based Abdominal Ultrasound Training - Clinical Evidence; A Randomized Trial 


Mia Louise Østergaard, MD, PhD-student​


Michael Bachmann Nielsen, Professor, Chief physician, PhD, DMSc


Lars Konge, Associate professor, Chief physician, PhD

Elisabeth Albrecht-Beste, Associate professor, Chief physician


The aim is to develop and validate a simulation-based systematic and standardized tool for training and testing specializing physicians with a minimum skill level criteria correlating to the current curriculum and to determine correlation between simulation-based and real life clinical mastery level.


Part 1: The included studies were heterogeneous and the level of evidence for effect was inadequate; all studies showed simulation training was equally or more beneficial than other instructions or no instructions. Study designs had significant built-in bias and confounding issues; therefore, further research should be based on randomized controlled trials using tests with validity evidence and blinded assessors.

Part 2: We will construct a test for diagnostic abdominal ultrasound based on the international curriculum and validate the test using four groups of physicians with different levels of ultrasound competence.

Part 3: We will conduct a randomized controlled trial exploring traditional training and simulation-based training using tests with validity evidence and blinded assessors.  ​


Simulation-based Abdominal Ultrasound Training – A systematic Review. European Journal of Ultrasound/Ultraschall, In press


Simulation-based Abdominal Ultrasound Training – A systematic Review; Oral presentation. Annual Radiology Congress, Denmark​​