Mineral and raw material resources supply in the Capital Region of Denmark

Mineral and raw material resources such as sand, stone, gravel, clay and limestone are extracted in the Capital Region of Denmark.
Only sand, gravel, stone, clay and limestone are currently being extracted in the Capital Region of Denmark. Extraction of sand, stone and gravel can take place within the designated extraction areas. Extraction of clay can be undertaken at a number of smaller sites where there are special rights for extraction.

Due to the geological conditions and the high population density in the Capital Region of Denmark, it is not possible to extract the quantity or quality of mineral resources that is needed in the region for road building and the expansion of towns etc.

It is therefore necessary to transport mineral and raw material resources from Region Zealand and from the seabed around Denmark to the Capital Region of Denmark. Materials from the seabed are transported to the ports of Avedøre, Gilleleje and Copenhagen. Additionally, some mineral and raw material resources are imported from abroad, mostly granite and quarry materials from Norway and Sweden.

Extraction of mineral and raw material resources in the Capital Region​​ of Denmark

The extraction of mineral and raw material resources can vary from year to year and it is heavi​ly influenced by factors such as construction activity and infrastructure projects - such as building roads and railways. The bar chart below shows the yearly extraction of sand, stone and gravel from land and seabed. (figures from Statistics Denmark).

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Mineral and raw material resources in the Capital Region of Denmark​​

In 2010 it was estimated that, based on known deposits, there was 69 million m³ sand, stone and gravel in the Capital Region of Denmark. This means that the total remaining resources are one-third less than anticipated in the Mineral and Raw Material Resources Plan for 2007. The reasons for this discrepancy are:

  • some of the existing extraction areas contain smaller quantities of resources than expected
  • some of the resources in the existing extraction areas cannot be extracted due to changes in construction and infrastructure

Only part of the total resource has the quality demanded by the users, for example, the Danish Road Directorate. Based on current knowledge and the known consumption of sand, gravel and stone, the region estimates that there are insufficient quantities of mineral and raw material resources in the Capital Region of Denmark to cover demands.

The quality of known deposits indicates that there will be a large net import of mineral and raw material resources to the region to ensure the continued growth of the region.

Exctracti​​​on areas for sand and gravel in the Capital Region of Denmark

Extraction of sand, gravel and stone can take place within the designated extraction areas, see the Mineral Resources Plan 2012. The position of the extraction sites are illustrated in the Mineral and Raw Material Resources Plan.​​

Clay extraction ​areas in the Capital Region of Denmark.

Clay may be extracted at a number of smaller sites where there are rights to extract clay. The location of these sites is shown in the Mineral and Raw Material Resources Plan.

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